See also MAPPA Guidance 2012 (MoJ).
The Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) were introduced in the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000. The Act placed a statutory duty on each of the 42 Police and Probation areas and more recently the Criminal Justice Act 2003 included the Prison Service, to work together as the “Responsible Authority” to assess and manage the risks posed by convicted, sexual, violent and other dangerous offenders living within every community.
In addition, the Criminal Justice Act 2003 places a Duty to Co-Operate on other partner agencies, such as children’s social care, Youth Offending Teams, Housing Departments and Mental Health Teams.
In accordance with the National MAPPA Guidance, each MAPPA is required to:
MAPPA works on a clear offender categorisation process:
Criteria for Referral into MAPPA
Offenders who are subject to MAPPA will be:
Criteria for Referral out of MAPPA
Offenders will be removed from MAPPA when:
There are three levels under which all MAPPA offenders, depending on their current risk levels, are managed. Should an offender’s risk level increase or decrease, then the management level can be amended accordingly:
Level 1: Ordinary Agency Management
Used when the risks posed by the offender can be managed by one agency without significantly involving other agencies.
This level can only be used for Category 1 and 2 offenders (RSOs and violent offenders), because by definition, Category 3 offenders pose a serious risk of harm to the public and would therefore require active inter-agency management.
Level 2: Local Inter-Agency Risk Management Meeting
Used where the active involvement of more than one agency is required but where either the level of risk or the complexity is not so great as to require a referral to Level 3.
A referral at this level must be based upon information that demonstrates that the offender poses a high to very high risk of serious harm to others and that the delivery of an effective risk management plan requires the active collaboration of a number of agencies.
Cases are reviewed and a risk management plan is agreed at MAPP Level 2 meetings, which are held monthly. There are 5 meetings across Sussex, two in East Sussex, two in West Sussex and one in Brighton and Hove.
Level 3: Multi-Agency Public Protection Panel (MAPPP)
Used for the management of the highest risk offenders which require multi agency involvement at a senior level.
A referral to this level must be based upon information that demonstrates that the offender poses a high to very high risk of serious harm to others and that the risks posed can only be managed by a plan which requires the close co-operation at a senior level due to the complexity of the case and/or because of the unusual resource commitments. This Level of management can be used where there is a high degree of media interest in the case.
Cases are reviewed at Multi Agency Public Protection Meetings (MAPPPs), which are held monthly in East and West Sussex and Brighton and Hove.